Snuffy Jenkins and Pappy Sherrill
Country music historians point to Dewitt "Snuffy" Jenkins as a pivotal figure in the development of bluegrass-style banjo. He and fiddler Homer "Pappy" Sherrill have been making music together since the 1930s.
WIS Hillbillies (I to r) Tommy Faile, Ira Dimmery, "Pappy" Sherrill, Dewitt "Snuffy" Jenkins.
Homer Lee Sherrill was born on March 23, 1915, outside Hickory, North Carolina, in the village of Sherrill's Ford some twenty-five miles north of Charlotte. At seven, Homer got a tin Sears & Roebuck fiddle for Christmas. Soon he played well enough to help his father draw a crowd when they went into town to sell watermelons from the family garden.
Homer debuted on WSOC radio (then in Gastonia) at age thirteen, and in 1934 he joined the Crazy Water Barn Dance at WBT Charlotte as leader of Homer Sherrill's East Hickory Stringband. The Crazy Water management soon renamed the band the Crazy Hickory Nuts and sent it to WWNC Asheville. When the band dissolved, Sherrill stayed on as fiddler for Bill and Earl Bolick, brothers who gained fame as the Blue Sky Boys.
About this time Homer began appearing on records. RCA was holding frequent field sessions in Charlotte, and Homer added his talent to several of the dates between 1936 and 1938. The first seems to have been June 22, 1936, when he teemed with the duo Shorty Watkins and Mac McMillen to form the Blue Ridge Hill Billies. In October of that year, he backed Wade Mainer and Zeke Morris as they cut eight tunes, including the delightful nonsense classic, Hop Along Peter.
In 1938, Homer broadcast on WPTF Raleigh with the Smiling Rangers, a band which included Zeke and Wiley Morris and at times Wade Mainer. The band broke up in 1939, but not before being captured on wax by RCA at the Hotel Charlotte on January 26, 1938. After the split Homer retired from performing briefly: "I was so tired and I'd been moving about and I already gained a little girl in my family and I wanted to drift around and take it easy."
But before 1939 was out, crack announcer Byron Parker persuaded Homer Sherrill to move his family to Columbia, South Carolina, and join the WIS Hillbillies with Snuffy Jenkins.
Dewitt Jenkins was born on October 27, 1908 in Harris, North Carolina, not far from the city of Shelby. He grew up hearing the distinctive three-finger banjo style played by amateur musicians in that part of the piedmont. Its rolling, bubbling sound, in stark contrast to the more traditional and percussive trailing and clawhammer styles, delighted the young man.
In 1934, Jenkins became the first to use the new style on radio, debuting on WBT's Crazy Water Barn Dance as leader of the Dewitt Jenkins Stringband. Promotional material noted that they were "playing the old-time mountain tunes like very few can, and in that 'peppy' style that is peculiarly their own." After a brief stint as bandleader, Jenkins joined J. E. Mainer's Mountaineers, one of the period's most popular stringbands, and broadcast with them over WSPA Spartanburg and WIS Columbia.
In August 1937 Jenkins put his three-finger banjo style on record. In a drapery-shrouded room on the tenth floor of the Hotel Charlotte, he and the Mountaineers recorded with J. E. on fiddle, George Morris (Zeke and Wiley's brother) on guitar, and Leonard Stokes on mandolin. The sound "came frightfully close to bluegrass," write folklorists Ivan Tribe and John Morris, despite the fact that Bill Monroe was still two years from forming his first organization of the Bluegrass Boys: "Four sides feature the group with Snuffy's three-finger banjo being quite audible and the entire band sounding quite similar to bluegrass on Don't Go Out Tonight, Don't Get Trouble in Mind, and Kiss Me Cindy'.'One cannot help but wonder whether young Monroe was listening.
In fact, Snuffy Jenkins directly influenced the two men who later brought three-finger banjo playing to Monroe's band. Earl Scruggs grew up near Jenkins and remembers listening closely to the older player. Don Reno, who followed Scruggs in the Bluegrass Boys, took lessons from Jenkins.
After Mainer moved on from Columbia, Byron Parker (affectionately known as "The Old Hired Hand") kept the band together as the WIS Hillbillies, recruiting Homer Sherrill, the late comic "Greasy" Medlin, and others as needed. The group broadcast daily over WIS and played the "kerosene circuit" of schoolhouses and courthouses. Shows included both music and comedy. Snuffy (his nickname resulted from some now-forgotten skit), clad in immense baggy pants and size twelve shoes, played the washboard and acted the fool in such bits as "Hookeyville School" and "Snuffy Cures a Snakebite."
"Snuffy taught me the basic three-finger roll on the five-string banjo when I was just a little boy. . . That's what turned me on to banjo. Before Snuffy's style, banjo sounded harsh and crude to me."-- Don Reno
During the 1940s, the group recorded for RCA in Atlanta, DeLuxe Records in Columbia, and Capitol Records in Charlotte. By the end of the decade, Homer had gained his nickname of "Pappy" (part of an on-the-air contest to name his second child), and the band had taken the name the Hired Hands
During the 1950s the Hired Hands hosted a weekly television show on WIS-TV called Carolina in the Morning. They found a new audience during the 1960s folk music revival and began recording anew and touring festivals across America. Recently they performed at Carnegie Hall.
Today in 1985, Pappy Sherrill's limber-wristed fiddling is still in fine form. Snuffy's baggy pants and washboard are just as corny, and his banjo just as loud and clear as in the 1930s, even as he approaches his seventy-seventh birthday.
-- from George Holt, ed., The Charlotte Country Music Story (Spirit Square Arts Center and North Carolina Arts Council, 1985)
Check out other musicians who took part in the 1985 Charlotte Country Music Story concerts:
Snuffy Jenkins died April 29, 1990, Homer Sherrill passed away in November 2001. Dr. Pamela Grundy wrote a thoughtful article based in part on interviews with Sherrill, "'We Always Tried to be Good People": Respectability, Crazy Water Crystals and Hillbilly Music on the Air, 1933 - 1935," Journal of American History, March 1995. Snuffy's 1930s recordings with Mainer are in print again: J.E. Mainer, Classic Sides 1937 - 41 ( JSP Records 77124). There is a CD from 1940 documenting Jenkins and Sherrill with Byron Parker of Columbia, SC: Bryron Parker and His Mountaineers (Old Homestead OHCD 4169). Snuffy and nephew Oren Jenkins are featured extensively in folklorist Mike Seeger's renowned 1956 project American Banjo: Three-finger and Scruggs Style (Smithsonian Folkways CD SFW 40037). A 1962 line-up of the Hired Hands including Pappy Sherrill is heard on the CD Snuffy Jenkins, Pioneer of the Bluegrass Banjo (Arhoolie 9027) and amateur videos of 1980s live performances can be found on YouTube.
More info: Wikipedia, MySpace