History South
School ROSENWALD SCHOOL PLANS
Tuskegee Plans
Tuskegee Institute prepared plans for the earliest Rosenwald buildings, published in a 1915 pamphlet THE NEGRO RURAL SCHOOL AND ITS RELATION TO THE COMMMUNITY. Professors R.R. Taylor, Director of the Department of Mechanical Industries, and W.A. Hazel, of the Division of Architecture, created designs for a 1 teacher school, two variations on a 5 teacher school, plus an industrial building, a privy (outdoor toilet), and two residences for teachers.

Nashville Plans

In 1920, control of the schoolbuilding program shifted to the new Rosenwald Foundation office in Nashville, where director S.L. Smith drew up a fresh set of designs. These first appeared in book form in 1924 as COMMUNITY SCHOOL PLANS (shown on this website) and remained in print with revised editions into the 1940s. Smith made careful use of natural light, providing separate designs for buildings that faced east-west and buildings that faced north-south. Schools ranged in size from 1 to 7 teachers, and there were also plans for privies, industrial buildings, and teachers cottages.

One Teacher Plans
Tuskegee Plan
Nashville Plan: East or West Facing
Nashville Plan: North or South Facing

Two Teacher Plans
Nashville Plan: East or West Facing
Nashville Plan: North or South Facing A
Nashville Plan: North or South Facing B

Three Teacher Plans
Nashville Plan: East or West Facing
Nashville Plan: North or South Facing

Four Teacher Plans
Nashville Plan: East or West Facing
Nashville Plan: North or South Facing
Nashville Plan: East or West+Auditorium

Five Teacher Plans
Tuskegee Plan
Nashville Plan: East or West Facing
Nashville Plan: North or South Facing

Six Teacher Plans
Nashville Plan: East or West Facing
Nashville Plan: North or South Facing
Nashville Plan: East or West+Auditorium

Seven Teacher Plans
Nashville Plan: East or West Facing
Nashville Plan: North or South Facing

Other Buildings
Tuskegee Plan: Five Room Teacher Home
Tuskegee Plan: Three Room Teacher Home
Nashville Plan: 2 Bdrom Teacher House
Nashville Plan: 3 Bdrm Teacher House
Tuskegee Plan: Industrial Bld.
Tuskegee Plan: Privy
Nashville Plan: Privy

Community School Plans, Bulletin No.3 Issued by THE JULIUS ROSENWALD FUND Nashville, Tennessee, 1924

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Nashville Cover

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